Three Japanese scientists, professors Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for their part in the invention of the blue LED back in the early 1990s. 

The Nobel prizes are awarded to individuals whose work has been of "the greatest benefit to mankind."

LEDs have become an integral part of electronic displays, televisions, computer screens and many household as well as scientific equipment. 

While red and green LEDs have been around for a long time, the missing color, blue was elusive. 

These three scientists are, above all else, being recognized for their tenacity and refusal to give up. Their efforts finally paid off and the invention of the blue LED completed the trio of colors needed to create many other colors including white.

Read the full story on the BBC website here.